The importance of elevator maintenance
Elevators are fairly advanced systems, and contain many other parts that require routine maintenance. This ensures a safe and uninterrupted ride for the passengers, by making sure the wires are secure and the machines lubricated. Also, many factors may affect elevator components, such as moisture, improper use, or electrical current problems. Thus, having a complete elevator inspection from time to time can help extend the life of the elevator. In the event of a sudden elevator stop, it will be important to have an immediate response to help stranded passengers and resume elevator operation.
Whether it is home elevators, panoramic elevators, or even cargo elevators, they are all subject to the same policy, in order to ensure the safety of those around you.
Common elevator malfunctions
Although elevator malfunctions are somewhat rare, they can occur due to weather conditions or environmental factors. There are some disorders that may affect the elevator more than others, which you may be able to deal with after obtaining basic instructions from the installation team. Common faults in the elevator include:
Power failure problems: they can occur due to overload, and you may be able to solve them yourself by restoring the current, but the recurrence of the problem requires the use of maintenance professionals. Worn beams: They are detected through periodic investigation of the elevator parts, then they are reinforced or replaced as needed.
Environmental pollution: This causes decomposition or change in the properties of the lubricant oils, and therefore it is important to check and analyze the oil levels on a regular basis.
Issuing sounds as the elevator moves: This may indicate friction between the mechanical parts of the elevator, and this is maintained by lubricating the parts. Sounds may arise due to vibrations, so the role of the absorber is effective in eliminating this problem.
Inspection and maintenance phases
The elevator survey process goes through multiple levels, to include all components and parts of the elevator. These levels are:
Inside the cabin:
Examination of the interior of the elevator cabin for any damage to the walls, ceiling and handrails.
Inspect lights and replace any burnt out lights.
Examine the button board and verify that the emergency button is working.
Operating the elevator up and down and checking the accuracy of leveling, acceleration and deceleration.
Verify that the door moves smoothly and does not slide or bounce.
Ensure that the door stopper is working properly.
Check electrical systems and amplifiers, if any.
Outside the cabin:
Check terminals and lights and replace burnt out lights.
Inspect the external button board and deck board.
Fire service test.
Ensure that the engine room does not contain any materials unrelated to the elevator.
Inspect components for leaks, abnormal vibration, or wear.
Check electrical components for any heat or malfunctions.
Lubricate components if necessary.
Check the oil level.
Make any necessary adjustments or schedule follow-up service.
Ensure that the stop switch and check station are working properly.
Remove any debris from the top of the vehicle.
Inspect any visible components, including pulleys, guide rails, and levelers.
Check cables for corrosion and check connections.
Check the door actuator and its components.
Inspect the elevator for evidence of rodents, fire safety, and vandalism.
The hole (if any):
Ensure that the stop switch and lights are working properly.
Clean the hole and check for signs of leakage.
Inspect spring isolators for signs of wear, alignment, and secure fit.
Inspect all visible components, including pulleys, guide and safety rods, and switches.
Check cables for corrosion, pinching, and snags.
Ensure that the sump pump is clean and working properly.
Regular maintenance means that an elevator is inspected without major faults, by skilled personnel on a regular basis. These frequent visits allow to detect faults before they occur, and to maintain the efficiency of the elevator. Periodic maintenance contracts are provided by experts, including Atlas Elevators, to provide chain-use elevators and avoid stopping them.
Emergencies include a sudden stop of the elevator, an unusual sound in the cabin, or a system failure to take off. As it is necessary to seek the help of a professional maintenance team, which in turn provides an immediate response to provide its services as quickly as possible. Calmness must be maintained and not attempted to tamper with the elevator, pending the arrival of the maintenance team, so as not to cause further breakdowns.